, pub-8589993714260201, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0



10 Rillington Place– (1970) based on the case of serial killer John Christie, resident of the now famous address. Stars Jurassic Park’s Richard Attenborough in a chilling portrayal as Christie. John Hurt steals the show as Evans.

10 to Midnight (1983) Starring Charles Bronson on the hunt for a killer, based on the Speck murders.

3 Acts of Murder(2009) Telemovie about the Murchison murders committed by Snowy Rowles in Australia in the 1930s

8213: Gacy House (2010) Based on the John Wayne Gacy murders. It is filmed in the ‘found footage’ style that has been popular lately. Personally I am not a fan.



A Is for Acid - (2002-Direct to TV) - The story of John George Haigh, the "Acid Bath Killer". He was hanged in England for his serial murders. The episode is the First episode in the first season.

Adam - (1983-Direct to TV) - About the 1981 murder of little Adam Walsh in Florida. Serial killer Ottis Toole – partner of Henry Lee Lucas is the chief suspect in this crime. The disappearance of Adam Walsh changed America. His father hosted the long running America’s Most Wanted, following his son’s disappearance

L' Affaire Marie Besnard - (1986-French-Made for TV) - A TV movie about this French woman who on trial for the poisoning murders of 13 people between 1926 and 1950.

The Afflicted (2011) Based on the murders committed by Theresa Knorr.

Albert Fish - (2007) -- A docu-drama by John Borowski, this one proves that his brilliant film HH Holmes was no fluke. Albert Fish is a riveting journey into the horrific life of an elderly serial killer. If this were fiction, it would be unbelievable. The innocuous facade hid the demented sadistic tastes of a madman. The detail of the film is incredible. Borowski should be commended for such a detailed account. No part of the man's life is forgotten, travelling from his early life to his later years as a depraved sadistic child killer. It begs the question how he was able to kill for so long. Being released from mental hospitals time and again. The film is truly a masterpiece of murderous proportions. A must see!

The Alienist (2018) - TV Series about alienist Dr Laszlo Kreizler, though the story is fictional, the real killer Jesse Pomeroy is in an episode. An excellent show about the early days of criminal psychology.

All Good Things (2010) Starring Ryan Gosling (poor casting), plays alleged serial killer Robert Durst.

Alleluia (2014) Dark humour film about the Lonely Hearts Killers, Raymond Fernandez and Martha Beck.

The Alphabet Killer - (2009) – Starring Eliza Dushku, the film about the Alphabet serial child murders of Rochester, New York from the early 1970s. Three young girls were slain and the killer remains at large. His moniker was also the Double Initials Killer because all of the victims first and last names started with the same letter and their bodies were dumped in suburb of the city whose name started with the corresponding initials.

Alvin Karpis - (1952-Black & White TV episodes) - The tale of Alvin "Creepy" Karp is, a sometime member of the multiple murdering "Ma" Barker Gang

The Anatomist – (1961) Based on the crimes by body snatchers Burke and Hare

Andrew Cunanan: Versace's Killer - (2003 TV episode of MUGSHOTS) - About the spree killer who killed several men before setting his sights on fashion’s favourite son.

Angel of Death: The Beverly Allitt Story (2005 Made for TV) - A depiction of the murders of Nurse Beverly Allitt who killed young children who were in her care in an English Hospital.

Anne of the Indies - (1951) - Although this film calls the title character Anne Providence, it is said to have been based on the career of Anne Lonny. As a teenager she murdered a mad and then fled to the seas, joining pirates in the Caribbean in the 1700s. She was captured but escaped.

Arsenic and Old Lace - (1944-Black &White) – A comedy romp starring Cary Grant, the classic film is based on the thirty-five murders committed by Vera Renczi.

Arsenicumen OudeKant - (1971-Dutch-Made for TV) also based on the murders by Vera Renczi.

Asesinos por naturaleza - (1995-Mexican) - A Spanish language film based in the Charles Starkweather/ Caril Fugate spree killer case.

Astonishing News – (2002 – Made for TV) Based on the case of Audrey Marie Hilley who was suspected of murdering several people with poison.

At Close Range - (1986) Starring Sean Penn and Christopher Walken. Based on the murders committed by Bruce Johnston.

The Atlanta Child Murders - (1985-Made for TV) - The Wayne Williams case. Not to be confused with another TV movie about the same murders.

The Atlanta Child Murders (2010) An update of the previous film.



The Bad Son (2007) – Telemovie based on the murders by Eric Napoletano.

Badlands – (1973) Based on Starkweather and Fugate, starring Sissy Spacek and Martin Sheen. Based on the book by Michael Newton. A Classic and still great

Barbe-bleue (1901-French-Black & White- Silent) - A film based on a story inspired by Fifteenth Century serial killer Gilles de Rais.

The Barrow Gang - (1952-Black and White-TV episode) Bonnie and Clyde

The Barrow Gang - (1995) - A movie about the Bonnie. and Clyde murder series.

Baseline Killer (2008) Based on the Arizona murders between 2005 and 2006.

Bathory - (2000) – Based on the murders by Ezrebet Bathory

Bathory - (2008) - Another film based on the killings of Bathory directed by Jura Jakubisko

Bathory: Countess of Blood (2012) Another Bathory film

Bela Kiss: Prologue (2013) Based on the crimes of Hungarian serial killer Bela Kiss. Though I have not seen this one yet, I noted that the names of other characters in the film were the names of other serial killers.

Belle Gunness - (2008) – Based on the killings by serial murderess Belle Gunness

Berdella (2009) – Based on the torture murders by Bob Berdella I have not been able to find this film to view it. It is a horror film, rather than a crime film, but looks interesting.

Berlin Jack the Ripper (1909, Italy) Apparently about a Jack the Ripper inspired character, going only by the title.. This movie is lost forever as far as anyone has been able to determine

Beyond Suspicion- (1993-Made for TV) - Said to be based on the slayings by St. Louis dentist Glennon Engleman. The doctor is believed to have killed at least seven people from 1954-1980

Birdman of Alcatraz (1962-Black & White) – Based on Robert Stroud who killed at least two men

The Black Belle (2012) based on the murders by serial killer Belle Gunness (unviewed)

The Black Dahlia - (2006) - A film based on the 1947 murder of Elizabeth Short. Again, a crime that some think Was one of a series of slayings. This movie about "The Black Dahlia Murder" is a version of the James Ellroy novel of the same name. This version stars Scarlett Johannsen and Josh Hartnett and is directed by Brian De Palma. I made it only half way through.

Black Dahlia- (2005) - Directed by Ulli Lommel, this is yet another version of the "Black Dahlia". A particularly brutal (and unsolved) murder of Elizabeth Short in 1947. Some conclude that the murderer was a serial killer

The Black Dahlia - (1966-TV episode) - Workers unearth an old skeleton

Black Journal (1977) Italian film about female serial killer Leonardo Cianciulli, who was known as the Soap-Makrer of Correggio, who use the fat of her victims to make soap.

The Black Panther- (1977) - Donald Neilson, the English serial killer, robber and kidnapper who operated in the mid-1970s. The oldies are often the best

Black Widow Murders: The Blanche Taylor Moore Story- (1994)- About Blanche Taylor Moore, the North Carolina women who began killing people with poison in the middle 1960s. Stars Bewitched’s Elizabeth Montgomery

Black Widower (2006) The crimes of Lowell Amos in Detroit.

Blanche Fury - (1948) - Based on a 1848 mass murder committed by James Rush in England. He's also been named as a suspect in at least one other killing.

Bloodthirsty Butchers - (1970) - Another flick inspired by English historical serial killer Sweeney Todd.

Bloody Mama- (1970) - A low budget Roger Corman film depicting the exploits of Ma Barker and her sons. The band is believed to be responsible for about a dozen murders in Middle America during the 1920s and 30s.

Bloody Wednesday (1988) A film about the San Ysidro Mcdonald’s resturant mass murder.

Blue Caprice (2013) Starring Isaiah Washington, the film is based on the 2002 DC sniper attacks.

Bluebeard- (1909 Silent) – Based on Gilles de Rais

Bluebeard- (1944-blacka-White) - A film based loosely on the murders of Henri-Desire Landru.

Bluebeard- (1952-French) - A film detailing the slayings of Henri Landru in France at about the time of World War One

Bluebeard (1972) Starring Richard Burton, yet another one. Set during WWI

Bluebeard (2010) Based on Gilles deRais (very loosely)

Bluebeard (2012) And another tale

Bluebeard's Ten Honeymoons - (1960-Black & White) - Another film based on the murders of Henri Landru.

The Body Snatcher - (1945-Black & White) - A film inspired by the Burke and Hare murders and based on the writings of Robert Louis Stevenson.

Bonnie and Clyde - (1967) - The Parker-Barrow gang crimes in 1930s middle America, starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway. One of the first true crime films I saw. That final scene still remains one of the best

The Bonnie Parker Story - (1958-Black & White) – Another early version of the Parker/Barrow gang.

Bonnie and Clyde: The True Story - (1992) - The murder spree of the Barrow/Parker gang again. The Book of Manson - (1989) - Another film about the Charles Manson Case.

Borderland (2008) - A film based on the activities of the little known serial killing cult at Matamoros, Mexico during the 1980s

Borderline Cult - (2007-Direct to DVD) - Yet another movie about the series of hundreds of murders in Juarez, Mexico over the past fifteen years.

Bordertown(2007) Film starring Jennifer Lopez about the murders in Ciudad Juarez.

Born to Raise Hell - (1976) - Said to be loosely based on the murders of Richard Speck

The Boston Strangler (1968) - starring Tony Curtis as Albert De Salvo

The Boston Strangler- (2006-Direct to Video) - Mauro Lannini stars as the killer who terrorized the Massachusetts capital in the early 1960s

Boston Strangler -The untold story- (2008-Direct to DVD) - An account of the 1960s murders for which Albert DeSalvo has been blamed. Stars David Faustino.

The Boys from Brazil (1978) – Based on the crimes of Dr. Josef Mengele. Stars Gregory Peck

The Brides in the Bath - (2003-Made for TV) – Based on the murders by George Joseph Smith who drowned his wives in the bathtub shortly after the wedding. The crimes occurred in England during the early 1900s

Bronson (2008) – a very different sort of film so to best enjoy it go in with no expectations for this to be “another true crime film”, this is beautiful, odd, quirky and downright strange, but it does what it does with ease. Tom Hardy again plays the eponymous criminal, this time Charles Bronson (aka Michael Peterson). Though Bronson not officially a killer, the film deserves to be included here

The Bronx is Burning- (2007-TV miniseries) – The 1977 baseball World Series is set against the summer of terror during the murders of Son of Sam, David Berkowitz.

BTK (2008) Straight to video film about Dennis Rader.

BTK Killer- (2005) - BTK Killer, after being unsolved for so long a quick movie was put together following the capture of Dennis Rader.

Bugsy (1991) – Warren Beatty stars as Gangster and casino owner Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel.

Bundy: An American Icon (aka Bundy: A legacy of Evil) (2008) A film about Ted Bundy, Corin Nemec plays Bundy. I vaguely remember watching this.

Bundy and the Green River Killer (2019) Ted Bundy infamously ‘consulted’ on the Green River case. (unviewed)

Burke and Hare- (1971) - This a movie about Scottish serial killing partners William Burke and William Hare, who murdered unsuspecting drunks to sell to Dr Knox for use in the anatomical classes

Burke and Hare (2011) Starring Simon Pegg and Andy Serkis (of Gollum fame) play the two title bodysnatchers in a farcical comedy that is worth seeing. Taking a body from a barrel has never been so obscenely funny. This is a must see.

Butterbox Babies (1995-Made for TV) - The story of William and Lila Young who were baby farmers believed to be responsible for the deaths of more than 100 infants their maternity home in Eastern Canada, stars Sally Field.

Bye Bye Bluebeard - (1949-Animated-Short) - A Porky Pig cartoon in which he is confronted by a killer called Bluebeard, a name most commonly associated with Henri Landru



Camp Blood 3-D - (1999) A teenage killing clown loosely based on Gacy.

Cannibal The Musical- (1998)- A musical about the Alfred Packer case by and starring the South Park guys Trey Parker and Matt Stone. I am a Trey Parker fan, so I loved this film. Not a true serial killer film some might argue, but it’s very tongue in cheek and a lot of fun and worthy to be on the list.

The Capture of the Green River Killer (2008-Made for Cable) – Follows the hunt for the killer in the famous Seattle case from the 1980s

Carl Panzram: The Spirit of Hatred and Vengeance (2011) Another excellent docu-drama by John Borowski

The Case of Charles Peace - (1949-Black &-White) - About the murders committed by Englishman Charles Peace during the 1870s.

The Case of the Hillside Strangers (1989) Telemovie with Richard Crenna and Dennis Farina about the murders by Bianchi and Buono

Ceremonia Sangrinta - (1973-Spanish) - Yet another depiction of the murders of medieval serial slayer Bathory.

Changeling (2008) The story of a missing boy and the links to the Wineville Chicken Coop murders by Gordon Northcott .

Chicago Massacre: Richard Speck- (2007-Direct to DVD) - Based on the Richard Speck murders that most believe were the climax to a series of slayings. Stars Coren Nemec (from Parker Lewis Can’t Lose fame)

Citizen X - (1995)- The story of Andrei Chikatilo, Stars: Donald Sutherland and Stephen Rea. One of the Best serial killer films ever made. I rank this film up there with Young Poisoner's Handbook as one of the best. Do not see another serial killer film until you have seen this one!

City of Fear - (1980-Made for TV) - Although the killings are transplanted to another metropolis, some say this film is loosely based on the "Son of Sam" case.

The Cold Light of Day (1989) A dramatization of the life and crimes of serial killer Dennis Nilsen.

Concrete-Encased High School Girl Murder Case: Seventeen Year Olds (1995) Japanese film directed by Katsuya Matsumura about the torture and murder of Junko Furuta.

Confessions of a Serial Killer (1985)- Henry Lee Lucas. Made after Henry: Portrait of a serial killer, but is more along the lines of the murders by Henry Lee Lucas. I also think the actor is a pretty good double for Lucas

The Countess (2009) Starring and directed by Julie Delpy – based on Bathory

Countess Dracula(1972) - Extremely loosely based on the crimes of Countess Bathory

Criminal- (1995-Indian) - This is a version of the Fugitive. The original movie is said to be based on the Marilyn Sheppard murder case. Many think she was killed by reputed serial killer Richard Ebberline.

Cronicas- (2004-Mexican) - A film that parallels the case of prolific South American serial child killer Pedro Lopez. Known as the "Monster of the Andes", he is estimated to have killed more than 300 boys

Cruel Deception - (2003-Made for TV) - The story of prolific American serial killer James DeBardeleben II. His horrors began in 1965 and continued for almost twenty years..

Cruising(1980) Al Pacino stars in a film about homosexual serial killer Paul Bateson

The Curse of the Zodiac (2007) – By director Ulli Lommell



D.C. Sniper (2010) Based on the killing spree by John Mohammed and Lee Malvo.

D. C. Sniper: 23 Days of Fear - (2003-Mode for TV) – Followers the D. C. Snipers case

Dahmer (2002)- Based on the case of Jeffrey Dahmer (played by Jeremy Renner) - many people's opinions on this movie's quality differ, personally I found it disappointing.

Dahmer Vs Gacy (2011) Really? I will not bother even watching this.

Daisy de Melker - (1993) - This is a movie about a female serial killer who murdered family members.

The Dark Fields (2011) Crime film about the murders committed by Anthony Shore.

Dark Matter (2007) About the spree killings by Gang Lu.

Dating Game Killer (2017) – About serial killer Rodney Alcala who appeared on the Dating Game during his killing spree.

Daughters of Darkness- (1971-Belgium)- The Bathory murders (again!)

Dead Beat (1994) based on Charles Schmid murders/

Deadly Medicine - (1991) – Based on Genene Jones, the Texas nurse who gave lethal injections to children around 1930. Suspected of many murders

The Deadly Tower - About Charles Whitman the mass murderer in Texas- with Kurt Russell

Dear Mr Gacy (2010) Based on the killings by John Wayne Gacy. (unviewed)

Death Benefit - (1996-Made for Cable) – Based on the murders by Virginia Reardon.

Death Hunt (1981) - Charles Bronson stars as Albert Johnson the so-called “Mad Trapper". In the early 1930s over a five week period, he murdered two Canadian Mounties before he was hunted down and killed

Death of a Soldier (1986) I am ashamed to admit I did not know this film existed, it is about the murders by US soldier Eddie Leonski in Australia during the early 1940s.

Death Scream- (1975-Made for TV) - Based on the 1964 murder of Kitty Genovese on the streets of New York in front of many witnesses

Death Valley: The Revenge of Bloody Bill (2004) based on the crimes of William “Bloody Bill” Anderson.

Deep Crimson - (1996-Mexican) - Based on the Raymond Fernandez and Martha Beck murders.

The Deliberate Stranger - Ted Bundy - stars Mark Harmon as Bundy. A good film worth seeing. Out of all of the Bundy films, this is the best one

Der Briefbomber - (2000-German-Made for TV) - About Franz Fuchs, the Austrian mail bomber who killed several in the 1990s.

Desire Landru - (2005-French-Made for Ty) - Another production about France's Bluebeard Killer

El Destripador - (1914-Mexican-Black & White - Silent) - This film is believed to be based on the Jack the Ripper murders. The title translates "The Ripper".

Der Dirnenmorder von London - (1975-German) -A German view of Jack the Ripper. Better than average.

Der Mann, dem die Frauen vertrauten – Der Serienmorder Horst David (2008) German telemovie about the murders committed by Horst David.

Deranged (2004) - Based on Ed Gein

The Demon Barber - (1859-6 Black and White Silent) - This film is believed to be lost and/or destroyed

The Demon Barber of Fleet Street- (1936-Black & White) - Loosely based on the case of Englishman Sweeney Todd who was alleged to have murdered 160 people between 1784 and 1801

The Devil Strikes at Midnight (Nachts, wenn der Teufel kam ) - (1959) - About Bruno Ludke, the serial killer who committed his crimes before and during World War Two in Germany.

The Devil in the White City - (?? Not started filming) – Based on the crimes by HH Holmes, the film has had Leonardo DiCaprio touted to play the killer, but as yet filming has not started

Devoured (2005) Based on the case of Alfred Packer cannibal case

Die Buechse der Pandora - (1928-German-Black & White-Silent) – Another Jack the Ripper film.

Die Hinrichtung (1976) Based on the Speck case, but moved to Vietnam

Die Zartlichkeit der Wolfe (The Tenderness of Wolves) (1973. German film by Ulli Lommel about the murders committed by Fritz Haarmann.

Dirty Harry- (1971) The title character chases a man said to be based on California's Zodiac Killer. Clint Eastwood stars in this great classic.

Le Docteur Petiot (1990-French) - About the French doctor Petiot who duped many of his fellow citizens to their doom during World War Two.

Doctor X- (1932) Based on the murders by HH Holmes

The Doctor and the Devils (1985) Based on body snatchers William Burke and William Hare and the doctor who bought the cadavers for teaching.

Doomed to Die- (1940-Black & White) George Rogers set fire to a cruise ship killing 134 people before he tried to kill another three. This film uses newsreel footage of the ship burning

Down by the Riverside (2007) New Zealand film about the 1920s baby farming murders by Daniel Cooper.

Dragnet 1966 - (1969-Made for TV) inspired by the Harvey Glatman case

Drifter: Henry Lee Lucas (2009) – based on the confessions of henry Lee Lucas. (unviewed)

Dr Crippen (1963) The story of serial killer Dr Hawley Harvey Crippen.

Dr Lam (1992) Chinese film about Hong Kong serial killer Lam Kor-Wan.



Eaten Alive (1976) Inspired by Joe Ball who killed his waitresses and fed them to his pet alligators. Produced by Texas Chainsaw Massacre’s Tobe Hooper. I remember seeing this when I was young. This is how you do schlock horror.

Ed Gein (2004) A movie that covers the few weeks in which Ed Gein murders two women. Does several flash back to his childhood and grave robbing. Make Gein out to be almost autistic, instead of just a country-bumpkin-cum-killer. Starring: Steve Railsback (also called In the Light of the Moon).

Ed Gein: The Butcher of Plainfield (2007) Ed Gein story again

Ed Gein: The Musical (2010). I kid you not, there is a musical about Ed Gein. I am ‘dying to see it.

Ein Leben kurze Hosen Tragen - (2002-German) - The story of child serial killer Jurgen Bartsch who killed four boys in Germany during 1967. He died in prison while undergoing a voluntary surgical castration procedure in 1978

Evilenko - (2004)- A film based on Russian serial killer Andrei Chikatilo's crimes. Malcolm McDowell

The Executioner's Story - (1982) - The Gary Gilmore murders and his execution in Utah. This guy fits the minimal definition of a serial killer as per The National

Extremely Wicked, Shockingly Evil and Vile (2019) Based on the book by Bundy’s girlfriend, it examines the time during Bundy’s arrest and trials.



Factor X - (??? Not yet filmed) - This future release film is about the hunt for the Wichita serial murderer known as BTK. Several names have been tossed around, as yet not filmed

Fashion Victim - (2007) the depiction of the Andrew Cunanan murder series.

Fest of the Assumption: The Otero Family Murders (2010). I was sent a review copy of this film/documentary, long before BTK was caught. The film is harrowing as we follow the surviving Otero family member, Charlie, as he relives the murders that unfortunately made his family famous. It is definitely a film every true crime aficionado should see.

Five Daughters (2010) A Miniseries about the murders committed by Steve Wright, known as the Suffolk Strangler.

Freeway (1996)- A runaway child hits the road and becomes friend with the notorious I-10 killer with Kiefer Sutherland

Freeway Killer (2010) Film based on the crimes of serial killer William Bonin (unviewed)

A Friend of the Family (2005) Telemovie based on the spree murders committed by David Snow in Canada

Fritz Lang (2016) A biopic about filmmaker Fritz Lang as he researches the crimes of Peter Kurten for his film M.

From Hell (2001) One theory of the identity of Jack the Ripper. Not a bad movie. Stars Johnny Depp, and Robbie Coltrane. I try and forget that Heather Graham was in this. Terrible.

The Frozen Ground (2013) John Cusack plays serial killer Robert Hansen, who takes sex workers to a remote area where he hunts them down.

The Fugitive - (1993) Based on the 1954 Ohio murder of Marilyn Sheppard by her husband Sam. Some think that Richard Ebberling may be responsible.



Gacy: The Crawlspace (2004) based on the John Gacy murders of 33 boys.

The Gainesville Ripper - (2007) The story of murderer Danny Rolling who went on a killing spree in Louisiana and Florida during 1989-1990.

Garrow (2018) Based on the spree killings by Robert Garrow between 1960 and 1978. I love finding cases I don’t know about. I look forward to finding this one.

The Golden Glove (2019) – German film, loosely based on the crimes of Fritz Honka.

The Good Doctor Bodkin-Adams- (1986) - A movie about John Bodkin-Adams, an English doctor who was accused of killing many of his elderlypatients with poison in the 1950s.

A Good Marriage (2014) Starring Aussie Anthony Lapaglia, the film is based on the crimes of BTK Dennis Rader and fictionalises, how the killer’s wife, deals with knowing what her husband has done.

Gosnell: The Trial of America’s biggest serial killer (2018) Follows the crimes and trial of Kermit Gosnell.

The Greed of William Hart - (1948-Black &White) - Based on the Burke and Hare case of the 1820s.

The Green River - (2005) Following the arrest of the Green River Killer Gary Leon Ridgway.

Green River Killer (2005) by Ulli Lommel, based on the crimes of Gary Ridgway.

The Grey Man (2007) Based on the story of Albert Fish. A little slow, but worth viewing.

Guilty Or Innocent: The Sam Sheppard Murder Case - (1975-Made for Ty) - The Marilyn Sheppard murder which may have been done by Richard Eberling.

Gun Crazy - (1949-Black & White) – Based on the Bonnie and Clyde case

Gun Crazy (1993) Update on the 1949 movie about Bonnie and Clyde.

Gunness Murder Farm - (1908-Black & White-Silent) – Based on the events surrounding Belle Gunness who murdered men in Indiana.

Guyana: Crime of the Century - (1970)-Based on the Jim Jones cult and mass suicide case



Hanlon: In Defence of Minnie Dean - (1985-Made for TV) - The case of Williameina Dean, a baby farmer. She murdered several infants were later found buried in her garden.

The Happy Face Murders - (1999) - The Keith Jesperson murders during the 1990s.

He Walked by Night - (1948-Black &white) – Based on burglar turned serial killer Erwin Walker in 1946 Los Angeles.

Headcase (2007) Very loosely based on the murders by Paul Bernardo and Karla Homolka

Helter Skelter (2004) - Based on the Mason murders - Stars Steve Railsback who also played Gein.

Helter Skelter - (2004) - A remake of the 1976 miniseries, this time starring Jeremy Davies as Charles Manson.

The Helter Skelter Murders - (1970-Black & White) - The first film about the Charles Manson.

The Helter Skelter Murders (1988) - Another film about the Manson murders.

Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer (1985) - Everyone has seen this movie, not as good as the hype but well worth seeing. It is based on serial killer henry Lee Lucas.

Henry Portrait of a Serial killer 2: Mask of Sanity - (1996) - Henry Lee Lucas.

Hillside Cannibals (2006) Straight to video based on Sawney Beane. Directed by Leigh Scott.

The Hillside Stranglers (2008) based on the murders by Angelo Buono and Ken Bianchi starring Billy Zane as Bianchi and also stars Richard Crenna

The Hillside Strangler - (2004) – Again based on the case of Bianchi and Buono.

Highwaymen - (2003) - The story of a hit-and-run serial killer in California in 1991.

H.H. Holmes – (2008) This film is an amazing journey into the crimes of H. H. Holmes. And a must for any true serial killer/ true crime fan. I wish others made films like this. I really enjoyed this film. For a first time director/film-maker it far surpassed any expectation. The scenes were brilliantly acted, the crimes re-enacted perfectly and the settings perfect.

Home Room aka Heart of Americ (2002) Directed by Uwe Boll, based on the massacre at Columbine High School

Honeymoon Killers (1970) - based on the case of Martha Beck and Ray Fernandez

Hong Kong Butcher (1985) Chinese film about serial killer Lam Kor-Wan.

The House on the Hill (2012) A horror film by Jeffrey Frentzen based o the murders committed by Leonard Lake and Charles Ng.

Human Pork Chop (2001) Extremely violent movie about the Hello Kitty Murder in Hong Kong.

The Hunt for the BTK Killer - (2005-Made for TV) - A movie due to be broadcast this October about the pursuit of Dennis Rader, the BTK murderer.

The Hunt For the Boston Strangler - (2007-Made for TV) - Another view of the Strangler Case and whether it was really DeSalvo who was responsible.

The Hunt for the I-5 Killer (2011) Based on the murders committed by Randall Woodfield.

The Hunt for the Unicorn Killer (1999) Made for TV movie about the murders of Ira Einhorn



I am a Killer (Jestem morderca) (2016) Polish film about the police investigation into the crimes of Zdzislaw Marchwicki. All reviews for this film suggest it is a must see

I am the Night – (2019) Film revolves around LA’s underbelly in the 1960s as a two people get caught up in the cold case of The Black Dahlia

I Want to Live (1958) Barbara Graham and her gang two victims in California in 1953

I Want to Live - (1983-Made for TV) - TV remake of the earlier movie about the Barbara Graham case.

Il mostro di Firenze (1986) An Italian film about the murders committed by The Monster of Florence.

In Cold Blood (1967) Based on the Truman Capote book about the Clutter Family massacre, starring Robert Blake.

In Cold Blood (1996) Based on the Truman Capote book about the Clutter Family massacre

The Investigation - Clifford Olson case in Canada based on the book Where Shadows Linger



Jack el Destripador de Londres - (1972-Spanish) – Spanish version of Jack the Ripper.

Jack the Ripper (1988) Good dramatisation of the case.. Stars: Michael Caine, Armand Assante and others. A personal favourite but the BBC always know how to put on a lavish show. With Michael Caine, playing a drunk cockney, I believe his Abbberline far easier than Depp's portrayal in From Hell

Jack the Ripper- (1959) - A slightly updated version of earlier Jack the Ripper films.

Jeffrey Dahmer: The Secret Life- (1992) - The best Jeffrey Dahmer movie to date. The actor portrays Dahmer well.

Jeremiah Johnson- (1972) – Starring Robert Redford, it is a one man war against a race of people.

Juarez Mexico - (2008)- Based on the numerous recent unsolved, probably, serial murders in the title town.

Judgement Day: The John List Story (1993) Telemovie about the slaughter of List family by the patriarch John List.



Kalifornia - (1993) - Said to have been inspired by the Starkweather/Fugate murder series, though such a juxtaposition is extremely reaching. Nevertheless is a superb movie, well worth viewing. Stars Brad Pitt, David Duchovny and Juliette Lewis.

Karla- (2005)- A film about Canadian serial killing duo Paul Bernardo and Karla Homolka who were responsible for the rapes and murders of at least three teenage girls, including Karla’s sister. The scene is set with Karla's interview for parole with flashbacks to the crimes and the abuse she suffered at Bernardo's hands. Quite a good movie, without the big budget

Kemper: The Co-Ed Killer (2008) A film about the crimes of Edmund Kemper. There should be more films about this killer, and I vote for Cameron Britton to always play him (like he does in the TV series Mindhunter).

Killer: A Journal of Murder (1996) Based on Carl Panzran: A biography starring James Wood., as Panzram with Robert Sean Leonard as his jailer. An extremely good movie. One of my favourites.

A Killer in the Family- (1983) - The murders committed by Gary Tison and his associates in the western U. S. during the 1960s and 1970s. Stars Robert Michum.

Killer Nurse (2008) A US film about the infamous crimes of nurse Charles Cullen.

Killer Pickton (2005) A film based on the serial killing pig farmer Willy Pickton. The film was banned and was not distributed, I am hopeful it is now available.

Konkurito(2004) Japanese film directed by Hiromu Nakamura about the torture and murder of Junko Furuta

The Krays - (1990)- A film about Reg and Ron Kray, the twin brothers that headed up an organized crime gang in London during the 1960s.



L' Affaire des Poisons - (1955-French) Based on Catherine Deshayes, aka La Voisin, the Parisian "witch" who admitted to having a hand in more than2,500 killings committed by various means. She was burned at the stake in 1680.

L’assassino e ancora tra noi (1986) Italian film based on the crimes of the unsolved Monster of Florence.

Landru der Blaubart von Paris - (1922) Based on Henri Landru. It was released the year Henri was beheaded.

Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 3 - (1990) - Ed Gein

Legacy of Sin: The William Colt Story - (1995) – Based on the Black Widow Jill Colt. Stars Neill Patrick Harris.

Legend (2015) British film directed by Brian Helgeland. Tom Hardy plays both twins in spectacular fashion. A defininte watch, I did not know who Tom Hardy was, until I watched this. He has done a few true crime films, all worth a watch.

Legend of Alfred Packer- (1980) – Based on the 1874 cannibal case of Alfred Packer. See the Trey Parker one instead.

The Legend of Blood Castle- (1972-Italian) - Based on Countess Elizsebet Bathory, the Hungarian aristocrat who was believed to have slain upwards of 650 young ladies in the 1600s so that she could bathe in their blood. OK perhaps.

The Life and Crimes of William Palmer- (1998) Dr. William Palmer poisoned many people in England during 1800's.

The Life of Charles Peace - (1905) Film has been lost to time.

Like Mother, Like Son: The Strange Story of Sante and Kenny Kimes - (2001) - Sante and Kenny Kimes were a mother and son killing team

The Limbic Region - loosely based on the Zodiac Killings starring Edward James Olmos

The Limehouse Golem (2016) – Based on the crimes of Jack the Ripper. Scotland yard detectives try to solve the mystery of a series of brutal murders.

A Little Thing Called Murder - (2006-Made for TV) - About mother and son Sante and Kenny Kimes

The Lodger - (1932-Black&White)- Jack the Ripper. A sort-of remake of the Hitchcock silent film.

The Lodger - (1944-Black&White)- Jack the Ripper. A sort-of remake of a remake, however, this one is pretty good.

The Lodger - (1926) One of the first Ripper films.

The Lodger - (2007)- Another remake of the Alfred Hitchcock film based on the Jack the Ripper Case.

London Road (2015) Based on the murders by the Suffolk Stranger, Steve Wright.

Lonely Hearts - (2007) Starring John Travolta, James Gandolfini, Jared Leto and Salma Hayek. The story of serial killing partners Raymond Fernandez and Martha Beck is brought to life. The couple were executed in the electric chair at Sing Sing in 1951.

The Long Island Incident (1998) Telemovie starring Lauri Metcalf about the mass murders committed by Colin Ferguson.

Longford - (2006) - A film about serial killers Ian Brady and Myra Hindley.

The Lost (2006) – the crimes of Charles Schmid.

Lost Girls (2020) – One mother’s search for her daughter, amid the murders called “The Long Island Serial Killer)

Love Lies Bleeding - (1999)- This film shows a rendition of events surrounding the Jack the Ripper murders in 1888.



M - Eine Stadt sucht einen Mörder (1931)- Stars Peter Lorre as German serial killer Peter Kurten. Directed by Fritz Lang. An absolute masterpiece of film noir.

Ma Barker's Killer Brood - (1960) Based on the Barker gang.

Mad Dog Morgan - (1976) - About Daniel Morgan, the bushranger who killed several people. Stars Dennis Hopper.

Make It a Double –

Main Aur Charles (Me and Charles) (2015) A Bollywood film about terrorist and serial killer Charles Sobraj

The Man in the Attic (1953) - Jack Palance plays Jack the Ripper .

Manhunt (2001)- Based on Richard Ramirez

Manhunt (2019) based on the police investigation over the death of Amelie de la Grange by serial killer Levi Bellfield.

Manhunt: Unabomber (2017) FBI drama on how they caught the Unabomber

Mania - (1960) - This movie is based on the murders of William Burke and William Hare. Also called The Flesh and the Fiends.

The Maniac Barber (1899) - Possibly another name for the film The Demon Barber (1899).

Manson Murders - Charles Manson

The Manson Family (1997) Directed by Jim Van Bebber based on the Manson family murders.

The Manson Family- (2003) - A blood bath of murder, extremely violent. Not much story.

Maria Marten: The Murder in the Red Barn (1935) not a serial killer case but a case worth noting as the woman’s ghost allegedly help solve the murder. Directed by Milton Rosmer.

The Marquise of Darkness (2010) Telemovie about the murders committed by French aristocrat Madame Marie d’Aubray, the Marquise de Brinvilliers in the 17th century.

The Meat Trade - (2006)- Another film based on the careers of early nineteenth century serial killers Burke and Hare.

Method- (2003) Elizabeth Hurley stars as an actress playing Belle Gunness

Moment of Truth: Justice for Annie - (1996) - Again, based on the murders of Virginia Rearden

Monsieur Verdoux - based on Henri Landru played by Charlie Chaplin

Monster(2004)- Based on Aileen Wournos, played by Charlize Theron, who won several awards for the role including an Oscar.

The Moonlight Murders - (2007) - Another film based on the 1946 unsolved Texarkana Moonlight/ Phantom killings.

Morituris (2011) Italian Film based on the Ciceo Massacre in San Felice Circero Italy in 1975.

A Most Mysterious Murder: The Case of the Croydon Poisonings - (2005) – Poisoning of a family

Mostro di Firenze - (1986-Italian) – Based on the "Monster of Florence", the serial killer who terrorized tourists around Florence during the 1960s and 70s.

The Mud Boy (2007) Based on the murders of Cayetano Godino in Argentina in the early 20th century.

Murder by Decree (1979) - Another Sherlock Holmes stalks Jack the Ripper movie. Starring Christopher Plummer.

The Murder Farm (2009) Directed by Bettina Oberli about the strange Hinterkaifeck murders.

Murder in Fashion (2008) Another filmed based on the Andrew Cunanan case and the murder of Gianni Versace.

Murder in Texas- (1981-made for TV) - Dr. John Hill was convicted of murdering his first wife. His second wife claimed the he confessed to her that he'd also killed four others

Murder in the Heartland- (1993) - The Charles Starkweather murders. Tim Roth plays the perfect Starkweather

Murder in the Heartland: The Search for Video X(2003). Based on the Starkweather murders. The plotline claims the killers filmed their killing spree

Murder One (1988) based on the Donalsonville mass murders in Georgia.

Murder Sisters (2011) German film based on the murders known as the Lainz Angels of Death

Murder So Sweet- (1993) - Steven Catlin kills four people with poison

Murder Trail (2000) Based on the murders by Australian serial killer Ivan Milat

My Father's Shadow: The Sam Sheppard Story- (1978) - Was Marilyn Sheppard slain by suspected serial killer Richard Eberline.

My Friend Dahmer (2017) Looking back at the teen years and murders of Jeffrey Dahmer.



Naked Fear (2007) very loosely based on the murders committed by Robert Hansen.

Naked Massacre- (1976)- Based on the Richard Speck spree murders.

Natural Born Killers (1994)- Some say it is based loosely on the Starkweather case. Stars Juliet Lewis and Woody Harrelson. Written by Quentin Tarrantino.

Ned - A comedy based on the Ned Kelly Gang who killed several victims.

Ned Kelly(1970) Mick Jagger stars as Ned Kelly

Ned Kelly(2004) Another version of the Ned Kelly story in late 1800s Australia

Ned Kelly and His Gang - (1906-Black a-White-Silen t) - A short version about the gang of Australian outlaws and roving killers.

Ned Kelly - (1960) - Another depiction of the bushranger

The Next Mrs. Clements - (1994) Dr. Robert Clements murdered four wives with morphine injections, before he could be captured.

Night of the Hunter- (1955) - Based on the murders of Harry Powers.

Night Stalker (1987) Based loosely on the murders committed by Richard Ramirez.

Nightstalker (2002) Based on the Richard Ramirez case and directed by Chris Fisher.

The Night Stalker (2016) Directed by Megan Griffiths about the murders committed by Richard Ramirez. Lou Diamond Phillips I the perfect casting for the role. I look forward to seeing this one, as soon as I can find it.

No One Could Protect Her (1996) About the murders of Harvey Robinson in Pennsylvania.

No Way to Treat a Lady - (1968) - Although the killer has been relocated to New York City, this black comedy is said to be based on the crimes of the Boston Strangler.

Normal: The Dusseldorf Ripper (2009) What a name for a film about a killer who was anything but normal. A film about German serial killer Peter Kurten.



An Officer and a Murderer (2012) Telemovie about the murders by Russell Williams.

Once Upon a Time in Hollywood (2019) Quentin Tarrantino directs an altered history version of the Manson Murders.

Only Belle: A Serial Killer from Selbu (2010?) Based on the crimes by Belle Gunness (unviewed)

An Ordinary Killer- (2002) -A movie said to be based on the murder of Down Magyar and the pursuit of her killer, Jerald Wingeart. Police suspect him of at least one other slaying.

The Other Side of Madness (1971) About the Manson Murders

Out of the Darkness (1985) – Film about David Berkowitz. Stars Martin Sheen as the cop chasing the killer.

Overkill: The Aileen Wuornos Story - (1992) Based on the Aileen Wuornos murders stars Jean Smart.



The Pajama Girl Case or La Ragazza Dal Pigiama Giallo (1978) Italian Thriller based on the famous Australian case the murder of Linda Agostini

A Pale Horse - A movie about serial killer Edmund Kemper. It was produced by the Institute of Prison Ministries (IPM)

Peter (2011) About the crimes of the Yorkshire Ripper, Peter Sutcliffe. I had not heard of this film and am eager to see it.

Picton (2010) A film that was banned as Canadian officials were concerned that Canadians could get the film ‘across the border’. Looking for it has proved fruitless.

Pig Farm- (2011)- A film about Canadian serial killer Robert "Willy" Picton. He.' believed to have murdered dozens of women in the 1980s and buried them on his pig farm - though rumours abound about him feeding them to the pigs

Poisoned by Love: The Kern County Murders (1993) US Telemovie about the murders by Steve David Caitlin. (unviewed)

Precious Victims - (1993) - In Illinois during the 1980s, Paula Sims children are ''abducted", she claims, by a masked intruder in separate incidents. She was later convicted of killing them.

Prophet of Evil: The Ervil LeBaron Story - (1993-Made for TV) - Ervil LeBaron, the leader of a cult, some of whom are still at large, that was said to be responsible for about two dozen slayings from 1955-1988. Stars Brian Dennehy.

Psycho- "based" loosely on the case of Ed Gein more to do with his relationship with his mother

Psycho - (1998)- Ed Gein Frame by frame remake of the 1960 classic.

Psycho 2- (1983)- Ed Gein

Psycho 3 - (1986)- Ed Gein

Psycho 4: The Beginning- (1990)- Ed Gein



Raising Jeffery Dahmer - (2006) - A rendition of the family life and crimes of serial killer Jeffery Dahmer.

Rampage: The Hillside Strangler Murders - (2006) - Not to be confused with another film about a different serial killer, this movie is about the murders committed by Bianchi and Buono.

Rampage- (1987) "Based on" the murders committed by Richard Chase

The Rapist (1994) Chinese film about Hong Kong Serial killer Lam Kwok-Wai

Ravenous - (1999) - Another film supposedly inspired by the murders of Alfred Packer, the frontier cannibal.

Richard Speck: Chicago Massacre (2007) Straigh to video film about the mass murders committed by Speck.

Ricky 6 (2000) Based on the Satanic gang led by Ricky Kasso, directed by Peter Filardi

Rillington Place (2016) A remake of the 1970s film called 10 Rillington Place, Tim Roth takes on the role of serial killer John Christie. It is a very different role for Roth and I would have loved this more had I not loved 10 Rillington Place so much.

The Ripper - (1997) - Jack the Ripper.

The Riverman - (2004) - A Movie about the hunt for Gary Ridgway, the Green River Killer.

Roberto Succo (2001) French film directed by Cedric Kahn abot the murders committed by Robert Succo.

Romasanta: The Werewolf Hunt (2004) Based on the murders of Spanish serial killer Manuel Blanco Romasanta in the 19thcentury.

Room to Let - (1949) - Another Jack the Ripper movie on the Lodger theme.



The Sadist- (1963) - A schlock film reportedly based on the Starkweather murders

The Secret Life: Jeffrey Dahmer (1993) Another film about Dahmer.

See No Evil: The Story of the Moors Murders - (2006-Made for Ty) - A British TV movie due out next year about the English killing duo Ian Brady and Myra Hindley. They committed their crimes in the 1960s.

Shadow of the Cobra - (1986) - A movie about serial killer Charles Sobbraj.

The Shark Net (2003) - A movie about Eric Edgar Cooke, Australian serial killer

Shipman- (2002) - A movie about prolific British serial killing doctor Harold Shipman.

The Silence of the Lambs- (1991) - Jodie Foster's character stalks a killer reputed by some to be based on Ed Gein and Ted Bundy, Lector is based on Art Shawcross among others. The only film in this category to receive the Oscar for best Picture of the Year. This movie is the reason I study serial killers. Experts say that people are not influenced by films, well I am here to tell you they are!!! I am proof. This film changed my life

Slaughter (2009) A film about the murders committed by Belle Gunness

Smooth Talk (1985) Directed by Joyce Chopra and starting Treat Williams and Laura Dern, this is about the Charles Schmid case.

Snowtown (2011) A brilliant Aussie film about the murders known as Snowtown or “The Bodies in the Barrels”. Most of the cast are from the area and had never acted before, brilliant performances by the two leads, Lucas Pittaway and Daniel Henshall. Violent and gritty, this is a must.

Son of Sam (2008) It is surprising that there are so few films about David Berkowtiz. This is only one of a few. Directed by Ulli Lommel.

Speck (2002)- Movie about the murders committed by Richard Speck

Stark Raving Mad- (1976) - Yet another film that parallels the Starkweather murder spree. The killer in this movie, however, only goes by the last name of Stark.

Starkweather (2004) Based on the spree by Charles Starkweather. Directed by Byron Werner.

Starkweather (2010) Another Starkweather film.

The Stepfather (2009) Film starring Penn Badgely about the John List family massacre.

Story of Jim Jones - Guyana Tragedy- (1980) The story of Jonestown Massacre. Starring Powers Booth.

The Stranger Beside Me - (2003) Telemovie about Ted Bundy based on Anne Rule’s book.

The Strangers (2008) – Claims to be based on the Manson murders, it is a very loose adaption, but worth the watch as a horror film.

Summer of Sam - Based on the lives of young people around the time of the David Berkowitz shootings. Not a bad movie though there was far too many unnecessary sex scenes for my liking.

Supersleuth - (2001) - One of several films based on the Bianchi/Buono Hillside Stranglers Case.

Sweeney Todd - (1926, 1928, 1970, 1982, 1984, 1998, 2005, 2006) Several versions of the of the Sweeney Todd serial slayings



Targets (1968) - Said to be based on Charles Whitman who many would argue was either a mass murder or a spree slayer rather than a serial killer.

Ted Bundy (2002)- The life of Ted Bundy

Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation - (1994) - The last sequel, to date, of the original film that was purportedly based on Ed Gein's crimes.

Texas Chainsaw Massacre – (1976) Some say based on Ed Gein

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre- (2003) - A remake of the old classic said to be based on the Ed Gein murders. OK but a rather pale imitation of the original. I think the hippie vibe of the original makes the film far superior.

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2- (1986) - Ed Gein

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Prequel- (2006) Another Gein knock off

There is a Secret in my Soup (2001) Directed by Chi-Kin Yeung about the Hello Kitty murder.

They Live by Night- (1948) - Mentioned as a parallel to the Parker/ Barrow gang's deadly crime series

Thieves Like Us- (1974) – Film Noir Bonnie Parker/ Clyde Barrow crimes

Three on a Meathook - based on Ed Gein

The Threepenny Opera- (1931) - A musical based on the Jack the Ripper case

The Three Penny Opera- (1962) - Jack the Ripper

This Is Personal: The Hunt for the Yorkshire Ripper- (2000) - A two part miniseries depicting the case of 1970s-80s serial killer Peter Sutcliffe

To Catch a Killer- John Gacy - This is one of the best movies on serial killers. Stars Brian Dennehy as Gacy, perfect casting!

The Todd Killings (1971) based on the murdes of Charles Schmid in the 1960s.

Tony (2009) “Loosely” based on the crimes of Dennis Nilsen.

Torso - (2007) - The story of Eliot Ness and his hunt for the Cleveland Torso Killer in the 1930s

Torso: The Evelyn Dick Story- (2002) - in Canada, Evelyn Dick was convicted of killing her child in 1944 and her husband in 1946

Der Totmacher(1995-German) - A film about Fritz Haarmann, the pederast serial killer who murdered young boys in Germany

The Town That Dreaded Sundown (1977) - About a serial killer known as either the Phantom Killer or the Moonlight Murderer who terrorized the Texarkana region in 1946..

The Trial of Edward Pritchard - (1956) - A show about the proceedings against Pritchard, the Scottish doctor who killed four of his family members with poison during 1863-1865

True Confessions (1981) Directed by Ulu Grosbard and starring Robert deNiro based on the Black Dahlia case.

True Romance- (1993) - Another film that was supposedly a spawn of the Starkweather/ Fugate spree killings



Unabomber: The True Story - (1996) - The Ted Kaczynski murder series.

Unnatural and Accidental (2006) based on the murders by Canadian serial killer Gilbert Paul Jordan.



Vampire Clan (2002) based on the Vampire Clan in Florida and it’s leader Roderick Ferrell who murdered at least 2 people. Directed by John Webb.

Vengeance is Mine - based on Iwao Enoziku (Japanese).

The Versace Murder (1997) - Andrew Cunanan murder spree that included the death of Gianni Versace

The Virgin of Juarez (2006) Said to be based on the unsolved serial murders along the U. S. -Mexican border, which are still occurring



Wife, Mother, Murderer - (1991) - The tale of poisoner Audrey Marie Hilley.

While the City Sleeps- (2010) - An in the works remake of the 1956 classic that was based on the William Heirens murder series

Who killed Atlanta's children (also called Echo of Murder)- (Made for TV) - The Wayne Williams case

Wolf Creek - (2005) - Loosely based on the murdered committed by Ivan Milat. Location has changed to the middle of Australia in the desert to bring in another Aussie crime.

Wolf Creek 2 - Part 2 of the above film, it also spawned a TV series (both not viewed)



You Only Live Once (1937)- Said to be based on the Bonnie and Clyde murder/robbery spree. Stars Henry Fonda as Clyde Barron. Directed by Fritz Lang.

The Young Poisoner's Handbook- (1995) - Graham Young, the English lad who murdered three people with poison in 1962 and 1971. A superior film!



Zee-Oui (2004) Chinese film about cannibal serial killer Li Hui Huang.

Zodiac- (2007)- This is film is about the uncaught San Francisco serial killer of the 1960s. Based on Robert Graysmith’s book.

The Zodiac Killer - (1971) - About the California Zodiac slayings. Low budget and it shows. Directed by Tom Hanson.

The Zodiac - (2005)- Another of the two movies that came out this same year about the California Zodiac murders. This one stars Justin Chambers (Grey's Anatomy) and Robin Toney (from Prison Break).

The Zodiac Killer (2005) - Directed by Ulli Lommel based on the unsolved Zodiac Case.